Thursday, May 2, 2019

Exam 2 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Exam 2 - demonstrate ExampleThis particular admission is useful to understand due to fact that it has often been referred to as the aboriginal case of the ends justifying the means. This is of course due to the fact that delight or utility outhousenot be determined until the feat or actions that are intended to evoke such a utility had been performed and can be measured. many a(prenominal) within the field of philosophy have noted that utilitarianism, perhaps more than any other approach, is quantifiable and can oftentimes be referred to as reductionist with regards to its approach. This is due to the fact that the ends means approach requires the several(prenominal) to be completely and entirely cognizant of the fact that utilitarianism, if used as an overarching theory, must inescapably portion in all of the preceding actions and determinants that lead to whatever utilitarianism does in question. The ongoing debate then necessarily hinges upon the degree of inference an d emphasis which should be placed upon the consequences of the determinant actions that yield the end result. Similarly, with regards to John Stuart loiters quote, It is better to be a human being dis fulfill than a pig satisfied better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a full satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, is of a different opinion, it is because they only enjoy their own side of the questions. The other party to the comparison knows both sides, the reader can note the utilitarian concept being utilized with respect to the way in which Mill views the ultimate end. Whereas it is previously been discussed that happiness fulfills the ultimate end of utilitarianism, according to mills quote, the reader can understand that the true end that she seeks to strange is awareness and intellect. Accordingly, he compares and contrasts the utility of being satisfied versus unsatisfied, the utility of being a man or a pig, and lastly the utility and overall importance of opinion. 2 Acc ording to Kants theory of retributivism, this is an approach that society should take with regards to its response to wickedness. According to Kant, the theory places penalization proportionate to the crime. Although this may not see as an earth shattering theory, this is only due to the fact that the current criminal justice constitution seeks to integrate a very large degree of Kants theory of retributivism into the way in which crime is currently punished. Ultimately, the theory is predicated upon the understanding of forfeiture. Accordingly, this forfeiture is most ballparkly understood with regards to the freedom of mobility for life that is sometimes required of the convicted. Furthermore, the reader can and should understand that Kants understanding of retributivism bears a direct correlation to the common expression let the penalization that the crime. In such a way, Kant sought to remove the level of emotional response/knee jerk reaction that is so oftentimes the resp onse to crime and punishment within society. Although it may be tempting to assume that Kant was the first to put forward such a theory, the fact of the matter is is that he was merely the first to define it with an identifiable term. Ultimately, this fear he can be traced all the way back to the biblical interpretation of life for life, eye for eye and so forth at its very core, this theory of retributivism engenders a degree of proportionality. As such, it is the responsibility of the punishing entity to ensure that the punishment for the crime is proportionate to the offending behavior that precipitated it. Naturally, such

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