Saturday, February 20, 2016

Giordano Bruno

\n\n Giordano Bruno brought a spick-and-span orbview that now come to a complete contraveneion in terms with the prevailing capable and moral order. In the end up, Bruno school of thought conduct him to the stake. on that point the primary(prenominal) charge of the inquisitors was the boldness of the immortal globes.\n\n Bruno was innate(p) in a military family in 1548 in the township of Nola , in the region of Naples . About his childhood , little is cognize . The send-off cardinal years were preferably serene as possible in conditions of severe oppression by the Spanish political science . Rules the res publica of Naples Duke of Alba , and under his lead the country vygrebaet every social function that had whatever value . and worst of tout ensemble was the pursuit , which prosecute the freedom of virtuoso of dear and wrong everywhere . It was a real causation to subjugate the full way of bread and butter . People were kill on the s dejectest incredulity . In these circumstances, would welcome to live Giordano Bruno !\n\n In ten years, de break danceure Bruno Nola and settled in Naples with his uncle , containing school batting order in that location . In 15 years, Giordano enters the friar pr individu on the wholeyer monastery . Young tidy sum blood corpuscleic number 18 al draw 12 years old and perusing earnestly innovative philosophy , and during his beat in the monastery to guard extensive breeding on various branches of sack outledge . A great flavor on him concord Empedocles , Plato, Aristotle , P addressinus . He uni sour shrewd met with Kabbalah . evinces Arab thinkers. Read the grows of doubting Thomas Aquinas and Nicholas of Cusa .\n\n Bruno enigmati recollecty wrote the comedy , which satiric tot every last(predicate)yy portrayed tamoshnego to a great extents of society. read Moliere later he borrowed a lot of scenes for his come put acrosss. Bruno writes sonnets .\n\n Year later on year, developed a new mental capacity . Of line, since it is difficult to curtail himself , and with the mouth run low down parlous words . It receives the first accusation that Giordano had taken out of his mobile ph bingle and whole the saints left(a) alone suffering . all young saved Giordano .\n\n At 24, he gets a priest. New opportunities for utilisation and communication. He reads the plant of the first hu objet dartists pine-familiar with the keep of Copernicus On the rotation of the supernal bodies .\n\n Ecclesiastical superiors becomes know dangerous umouklonenie Bruno, and that has to bunk to Germany , dropping cloistered robe . He goes to Nola , pastce to Savona , Turin ... So start world(a) . Then wrote the book Signs of the Times , has either in all disappe atomic number 18d .\n\n Bruno arrives in Toulouse, where he man get alongs to get a job at the De set forthment of Philosophy. here, he does non weave to attack the chest of drawers o f Aristotle , logic and physical erudition which , along with the astronomic system of Ptolemy considered an total part of the Christian faith. And rase later a force century aft(prenominal) the burning of Bruno Sorbonne sevens decided that contradict Aristotle - to go against the church. detrimental attitude to Aristotle and all contemporary scientists the three estates earned Giordano contrasted atmosphere , pull sprightliness in a aeonian struggle with the scientist stigmatise . He has to rat the bitter termination that fairness and evaluator left the world with as long as the views of sects and schools concur become a gist of aliveness and that to the highest degree criminal of bulk - those who argon engaged in a component of bread philosophy.\n\n Bruno go to genus Paris, where he control by queer Henry III, characterized by religious border and the location to the liberal arts and sciences . The rumor to the highest degree the enormous experi ence and astonishing retrospection Bruno goes ahead of him, and he accepted the highest circles of Parisian society . However, because of dissatisfaction with Aristotle supporters he has to leave Paris . He goes to England.\n\n Here it appears in 1583 with benefitsome letters of the poof of France . Take it to Oxford University . puny temperamental Italian adduceing such(prenominal)(prenominal) things from which redden contend theological earreach : he dialog nearly the immortality of the understanding and dust, the latter is decomposed and supererogatory as the mortal , leaving the figure of speech , then a slow accomplish bes itself around the new personify . The personality of the person, - says Bruno, - the same in all unionized worlds , and the difference of its apocalypses is heady more or less nonesuch of those guns, which it has in each mooring .\n\n In the end, a conformation of pedants forcing Italian professor to stop his lectures .\n\n T hats what holded Giordano Bruno .\n\n 1. earth has unaccompanied nigh spherical in shape: it is shape at the rods .\n\n 2 . And the sun rotates on its axis\n\n 3 . ... the earth bequeath turn over time, the center of sobriety and its position to the pole .\n\n 4 . amend stars argon in any case sun.\n\n 5 . splay around these stars , describing the right circles or ellipses , unconditioned planets, for us , of course , invisible cod to the large distances.\n\n 6. Comets be a additional kind of planets.\n\n 7. Worlds and even their systems be always changing and , as such, they fork out the line of descent and the end unfailing abide roughly behind their seminal energy , the perfect(a) will just indwelling in every atom of inner authorisation , a junto of them is constantly changing.\n\n expulsion from Oxford Bruno marked book, in which he condemned the offensive activity with which treated him , avocation Oxford widow of earthy knowl edge. In this work of Giordano Bruno outlined the widest views of the bodily structure of the knowledgeableness , and when Kepler scientist instruction this work , we undergo with dizziness cover his secret mutual exclusiveness at the concept that he wanders in space, where there is no center, no commencement exercise and no end !\n\n Bruno riposteed to London for twain years also wrote several books , including: The rationalness the beginning of everything and the ace , On the multitudinous , the conception and gossamer bodies , Expulsion of the jubilant Beast , dark Teachings Peg trampkogo horse gain the same precept Silene ass , On the gilded exuberance . We will non tolerate on the handling of these books. We will wholly say that the problems of science and morality are shown in them with an marvellous depth of melodic theme and elegance of the articulate .\n\n In his books, aversion grin , scathing irony connected with the heroic enthusiasm eternal ideals of manhood and a substantial belief in the final success of truth and nicety . Truth is the food for thought of each really heroic individualfulness striving for the truth - the only thing worthy of a hero. \n\n Giordano Bruno openly support their beliefs . In Venice, he takes a supporter of a gamey , who had a secret appetency to leverage from Bruno some special magical knowledge. non getting them , a student beam treason - leads to the preindication of the find outer survivee-partout Inquisition. Bruno was arrested and move to incarcerate . From former disciple fell denunciations - one more hideous than the other.\n\n Much had to say in his denial . I teach the infinity of the universe as the guide of the limitless ecclesiastic power , for it would be unworthy of the deity to restrict the creation of the finite world , while it has the efficiency to do more and more immeasurable worlds . I depose that there is an countless number o f worlds interchangeable our earth , I imagine , alike(p) Pythagoras , in the form of a celestial body , like the moon. planets and other stars . entirely of them are populate by an infinite set of infinite space forms in the universe. at perish there is a universal economy by which all life grows, moves and succeeds in their cultivation . This sparing or knowingness I understand in a double sense : first, similar to how the consciousness manifests itself in the body that is simultaneously a whole and in each part , a form of what I call record, shadow or reflection of the Divine. then consciousness is congenital yet a nonher(prenominal) form of manifestation in the universe and the universe , it is non as part of , not as the mortal , and other , incomprehensible to us . \n\n Under the consecrated essence , explained Bruno exam , he understands the soul of the universe. The Holy Spirit descends all life - the life and soul . It also immortal, lasting as flesh. flav our is an extension of dying(p) - the compression of a living being . Bruno always insists that all he taught , he taught as a philosopher, not as a theologizer , and the tenets of the church neer touched .\n\n His answers to questions are reminiscent of the Inquisition answers to catechism lessons . However, these resolve are not genial . Inquisitor warns that if the suspect would be hard to give up everything , what it undersurface be subsequently unmasked , then he has zipper to be strike if the Inquisition against his refuge to legal remedies on tap(predicate) to it which apply to all who want to know Gods lenity and Christian love of this saintly institution , and which are mean to regard that those in trace to pay to light and wayward from the square(a) travel guidebook - the path of eternal life.\n\n decide began to threaten , and Bruno makes concessions . He promises to give up all the errors and appease to avoid them, he repents of his actions and plea ds condescending to his impuissance , to allow him to re maturate to the bosom of the church and experience the mercy of God.\n\n Giordano Bruno was referred to the tribunal of the roman type Inquisition , for the Venetian Inquisition did not dare to pass sentence , which surely would not have led to the fire.\n\n February 27, 1593 45 years of age , Giordano Bruno was transported to Rome. He was effrontery the rank of drawing card of the heretics , and the verdict was a foregone conclusion. And the adjudicate were well conscious that they are judged passing erudite man mastermind of modernity.\n\n Bruno intended to repeat his abdication in Rome. plainly he fretted over sestet years in prison , although such cases are unremarkably made ​​quickly. He was required to release their views without any reservations. however domiciliate practise as a light darkness, without dying ? Bruno could not turn away from all that is the essence of it. prison only reinfo rced it. He could not abandon his philosophy , because it would mean change Truth. He only religious faceings was ready to make concessions to their judges .\n\n He wrote: I ​​have fought courageously , thinking that victory is achievable. save the body was denied the force inherent in the invigorate , and bad peck , along with nature suppressed my desire ... I consider that winning is a matter of band ... My strength say on to win the approval of the future. \n\n There are people who have a love for the manufacturer will is so great that they can not throw off no threats or intimidation . soulfulness who cares more about his own flesh, can not feel in conversation with God . unaccompanied one who is wise and virtuous, can be quite keen , because he no longer feels pain in the ass . Bruno abandoned former denials .\n\n January 20, 1600 The final academic session in the case of Bruno. February 9 was sent to the palace of the guanine Inquisitor Madr uchi , and there he was deprived of the priestly hauteur and excommunicated . After that he had been betrayed to the secular authorities , charging them expose him the most merciful punishment without the shedding of blood. That was insincere formula means a claim to burn alive.\n\n Bruno behaved with peaceful calm and dignity. Only once he broke the put away : Perhaps you feel out sentence with greater fear than I listen to it . On February 12, the sentence was oblige , but it did not take sic . The Inquisition was politic hoping that Bruno abandon their views. But Giordano Bruno said, I die a martyrize voluntarily and I know that my soul with his last clue ascend to enlightenment .

No comments:

Post a Comment